help from the staff at the Heritage Center, I learned that my
grandfather, Ed Reinhard, had been a farmer near the small town of Regan, North
Dakota, about 30 miles north of Bismarck. His father, Henry, emigrated
from Hanover, Germany to the U.S. with his family in 1872 when Henry was six years old and
they moved to southwestern Minnesota. Ed's mother, Petrina Blege, emigrated
from Helgeland, Norway to the U.S. and also moved to Minnesota where she met Henry.
Henry and Petrina married in 1890, had 9 children in Minnesota (including Ed), then
in 1907 moved to
the small town of Regan, North Dakota, about a half-hour north of Bismarck,
where Henry homesteaded on 160 acres.
Here's Nanci Griffith
singing Trouble In The Fields, a tribute to farmers, like my
grandparents, who struggled during the Dust Bowl era of the 1930s.
RealPlayer. If problems, see
grandfather Ed was the third child in their family of nine kids, grew up on the Reinhard
farm near Regan, and became a farmer himself after finishing
school. Ed met Helga Swang, a teacher at the nearby Canfield School,
around 1922 and they married the following year. Ed and Helga farmed a
quarter-section of land (160 acres) about a mile from
where he grew up.
and early 1930s were difficult years for farmers as they
faced drought and low grain prices, not to mention bitterly cold winters,
hail storms that decimated months of work in a few minutes, and plagues of
grasshoppers that did likewise. During the
late 1920s, farming became even more difficult as the prolonged drought ushered
in the Dust Bowl era across the Great Plains. Like many farmers during the
Depression, Ed lost his farm and, with his wife and three girls (including
my mother), moved to Bismarck where he got a job
In 1937, when my mother was 13,
her father Ed Reinhard died in a
car accident. Desperate to support her three girls, Helga learned
shorthand and went to work as a secretary for the state Supreme Court in Bismarck.
Six years later and fresh out of
high school, my mother visited a friend in Dickinson, North Dakota and decided
to attend a U.S.O. dance at Dickinson State College that night, where 200 naval
officer training cadets were going to school. She met my Dad there and
they married the following year.
father, Henry Reinhard, who had been born in Germany in 1866, died in 1955 in a small cabin on
the Missouri River north of Bismarck. After a life of hard work, Henry,
like so many struggling farmers, died
left: The bleak town of Regan, North
Dakota. This area is where my great-grandfather, Henry Reinhard,
homesteaded in 1907 and where my grandfather, Ed, also farmed.
center: My Mom and her grandfather,
Henry Reinhard, about 1928. This picture was in Helga's photo album.
As I studied this photo in Portland during the past few years, I wondered where
this farm was and whether the farmhouse was still standing.
right: I call this photo "A man out
standing in his field." Seriously, though, after doing some research in
the Heritage Center, I found Henry's farm last week. As I
learned, his farm was repossessed during the Dust Bowl era and the Great Depression (as
was the farm of his son, Ed). Unfortunately, Henry's farmhouse (above
demolished in the 1950s and all that's left of it is a pile of rubble.
left: Soil that my great-grandfather
Henry tilled in the 1930s.
right: Graves of my grandfather, Edward
(left), his father Henry (middle), and Henry's wife Petrina (right).
met a lot of terrific people during my seven weeks here in Bismarck, which isn't
surprising since most folks in North Dakota are pretty nice. Most people
became even friendlier when I mentioned that I was doing family research. I
wanted to describe a few of these folks here.
past several months, I've been corresponding through e-mail with a lively and wonderful woman
in Bismarck named Bernie Swang
whom, as I recently discovered, I may or may not be related
to. I finally met Bernie (short for Bernice) when I got to Bismarck in September and I spent a
couple of afternoons with her, showing her old photos and documents of my
ancestors. She was even kind enough to invite me to her house
one evening for a chili dinner so that I could meet her children and
grandchildren. We haven't figured out yet if we're related, but I have
enjoyed getting to know her.
The staff at the North Dakota Heritage Center
terrific in helping me learn about my mother and her family. Not only did
they graciously provide me with the microfilm and books that I requested, but they became
genuinely interested in my findings as the weeks passed by. It was a real
pleasure to work with them for the several weeks that I was there.
folks at the Recorder's office in the County Courthouse in Fessenden dropped
everything and helped me find my great-grandmother Anna Swang's house.
Anna died in 1933 but, by digging through a lot of huge old Deed books, the
staff showed me where her house was... and still is.
after arriving in Bismarck, I spent nearly every day for three weeks at the
wonderful Bismarck Public Library, updating my website and returning
e-mails. The library is one of the finest of its size that I've ever visited and the
staff was very helpful.
met dozens of other really helpful people during my visit to North Dakota -- too
many to mention. I just wanted to send along a big
"Thanks" to everyone who helped me out.
left: Bernie Swang (left), her family, and
the chili dinner she fixed for us. I'm still trying to figure out if I'm
related to them. Thanks for the great dinner, Bernie!
right: Ted Stroh, an 84-year old retired
farmer, spent four hours with me one day showing me around the Regan-Wing area. Ted's
wife, Dorothea, passed away a few ago and he proudly showed me her pictures and
keepsakes. As we discovered, Dorothea was the cousin of my Mom's best
about my Mom's childhood, I understand now why she never talked much about her
childhood. Her family faced extremely difficult conditions during
the Great Depression that most of us today, including myself, can hardly
imagine. Interestingly, my mother never mentioned that she had grown up on
a farm. Perhaps she was ashamed to admit that her father was a farmer and
had lost his farm
during the Great Depression.
family research that I did in North Dakota was bittersweet. On one hand, I
learned a tremendous amount about my mother's childhood. On the other
hand, not all of the stories that I learned were happy ones. Iíve always heard that living through the Great Depression
was difficult, especially on a farm. However, and without going into all the details, seeing where
they lived and learning how the Great Depression affected my mother and her
parents was a pretty sobering experience for me, and Iíve gained a new
appreciation for what they endured.
The research that Iíve done into my motherís history has been, by far, the most emotional
experience of my trip so far. Neither I nor anyone else in my family realized how many obstacles
my mother and her family dealt with, the most significant of which I haven't
discussed here. By researching my mother's family history
and visiting the places where she lived as a child, I understand my mother
much better now and appreciate what she must have faced while growing up.
And, for better or worse, that's the reason I came to North Dakota.
believe that each of us rests on the shoulders of those who came before us, and
I think that each generation owes a debt of gratitude to their ancestors. Too
often, courageous people live their lives and slip through the pages of history
without their stories being recorded or remembered.
I don't want to let that happen to the people that I've described above,
including my great-grandmother Anna Swang,
her daughter Helga (Swang) Reinhard and others whom I've gotten to know through
my research here. Preserving their legacy is the only way that I can
express my appreciation for the hardships that they endured.
From research that I've done on this trip so
far, I've started recording my family's history and will pass this on
to future generations. I'm determined to preserve the stories of Anna, Helga,
and others, and to not let their stories be forgotten.
more photos and
a summary of my mother's family history, see My
Mom's Ancestors: Map and Photo Essay. I've included more on
my great-grandmother Anna
Swang and her daughter Helga
(Swang) Reinhard on separate pages.
3, 2001 -- Part 1 (Bellingham, Washington)
18, 2001 -- Part 2 (Bismarck, North Dakota)
18, 2001 -- Part 1 (Bismarck, North Dakota)
6, 2001 (Fort Lincoln State Park, North Dakota)
30, 2001 -- Part 2 (Bismarck, North Dakota)
30, 2001 -- Part 1 (Bismarck, North Dakota)
September 15, 2001 (Bismarck, North Dakota)
30, 2001 (Webster, South Dakota)
18, 2001 (Watertown South Dakota)
17, 2001 (Walnut Grove, Minnesota)
14, 2001 (Minneapolis, Minnesota)
10, 2001 (Battle Creek, Michigan)
8, 2001 (12 Days in Syracuse: Part 2)
8, 2001 (12 Days in Syracuse: Part 1)
6, 2001 (Manlius, New York)
23, 2001 (Middleton, Massachusetts)
22, 2001 (Boston, Massachusetts)
20, 2001 (Pomfret, Connecticut)
18, 2001 (Denton, Maryland)
16, 2001 (Cumberland, Virginia)
14, 2001 (Roanoke, Virginia)
9, 2001 (Sevierville, Tennessee)
8, 2001 (Fontana Lake, North Carolina)
5, 2001 (Manchester, Tennessee)
30, 2001 (Hohenwald, Tennessee)
29, 2001 (Corinth, Mississippi)
27, 2001 (Natchez, Mississippi)
24, 2001 (Austin, Texas)
20, 2001 (Canyon de Chelly, Arizona)
18, 2001 (Clay Canyon, Utah)
15, 2001 -- Part 2 (Zion Nat'l Park, Utah)
15, 2001 -- Part 1 (Zion Nat'l Park, Utah)
14, 2001 (San Diego, California)
11, 2001 (San Jose, California)
2, 2001 (Bellingham, Washington)
19, 2001 (Hillsboro, Oregon)
30, 2001 (Hillsboro, Oregon)
19, 2001 (Bellingham, Washington)
5, 2001 (Bellingham, Washington)
* * * * * * *
Travels (2001-02) >
U.S. Trip >
October 18, 2001 (Page 3)